E-mail from Dr N Clarke to Nexus Magazine (March 25, 2003): DEFUSING FUNDAMENTALISM
I do not follow any religion but I strongly object to being targeted as a murder victim because of this disbelief. A fundamentalist Moslem cleric has just received a nine-year jail sentence for advocating the murder of all infidels -and that includes me! He and others like him are using the sanctuary of the Mosques in the UK to incite this hatred and violence against the host country. In court the entire defence was based on the directives to be found in the Koran and he quoted text after text to prove his point. After the hearing large numbers of this cleric's followers were shown on TV bouncing up and down shouting that this sentence was a case of pure racism!
So fundamentalists feel they have a right to use the privilege of free speech to advocate violence against us. To defuse the prospect of future conflict it seems essential to make planning permission for new Mosques in the UK conditional. Texts which incite violence need to be blanked out in all copies of the Koran distributed within the UK!
Of course immediate objection will be raised since it will be claimed that it is not permissible to meddle with the word of Allah. The clerics will also point out that the Christians started such vendetta with their dreadful crusades against the Moslems. They will say the bible is just as full of incitement to violence as the Koran. This is perfectly true. It is readily argued, however, that at least some objectionable material was inserted by politicians and not by God at all. For example, James 1st. had the admonition inserted, "Never suffer a witch to live". This permitted the wholesale torturing to death by burning at the stake of many thousands of completely innocent people. Now going further back to Psalm 2; 8-9 we can read: "I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron, thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel." Can this permission to embark on conquest and enslavement be attributed to an all-loving God? Maybe the devil had a hand in this? At least this suggestion provides an escape clause for believers. There are over a hundred such passages in the Christian bible and all need to be removed for the sake of believers and heathen alike.
So to set the required example there is a need to first blank out all offending texts in the Christian bible. This should be a matter of concern for all. The atheist cannot just ignore religious texts: some of these are a danger to everybody.
The next problem for the clerics, vicars and bishops is that to interfere with religious texts is sacrilegious. This is because any change could undermine the entire belief system and faith is all they can offer. Now in what follows I do not expect anyone to believe what I am about to say. However, even the most ardent atheist should at least attempt to fault the logic before dismissing the conclusions. Only by open-minded critique can any scientific advance appear and surely it is in the interests of atheists and rationalists as much as for religionists to provide an escape route so that the offending texts can be safely removed (safe from the believer's viewpoint).
This is where I hope a new door can be opened on a new enhanced physics. It can offer the required help when interpreted as support for two main tenets of all religious faiths. So my plea is for a careful study with any immediate impulse of outright rejection suppressed until all implications have been fully assessed. We need to take a new look at quantum theory.
An Outstanding Problem in Quantum Physics Quantum theory is the study of mechanics on small atomic scales where everyday common sense logic seems totally inapplicable.
One difficulty is known as "wave-particle duality". Some kind of unknown wave system seems to control the places where minute objects are to be found at any instant. They behave as if they occupy a large number of places simultaneously in a ghost-like unresolved wave-state of limbo until the instant at which an observer looks at them. Then the waves collapse into the reality of particles. This is known as the "Copenhagen Interpretation of wave-particle duality". Any object consists of countless billions of such particles. Consequently no object can be considered to truly exist until the instant it is perceived!
The extraordinary situation, which has prevailed for nearly a century is that, despite the clear acceptance of the role of consciousness in creating reality, all mainstream scientists still insist that consciousness is nothing more than brain function. The obvious paradox, which is still puzzling theorists, is that matter could not exist prior to any brain! Has quantum theory, therefore, already proved that some form of consciousness had to pre-exist the creation of matter? I will show that, following this lead, an escape route can be provided for the clerics so that they can throw out offending directives without the risk of diminishing their faiths. For those with no faith the conclusions to be drawn can be regarded as a challenging conundrum.
Outstanding Problems in Cosmology Physics Cosmology physics accepts that the universe began as a gigantic explosion called the "big bang" in which all the energy and matter appeared from nothing in a split second. A ball of hot gas had suddenly appeared in a creative process during a period known as "inflation". Then the creative effect had somehow to suddenly shut off to leave a rapidly expanding cloud in which no further creation occurred. A mutually attractive gravitational force also existed at the instant of creation and then acted on every particle of the gas cloud. This force tried to pull back each particle of gas toward the origin position. Consequently the speed of expansion was thought to be continually slowing down. Unfortunately no way could be found to shut off the initial creative explosion so that the theory did not predict the desired scenario at all. Instead the mathematics showed a violent explosive creation to continue; giving a rate of expansion many billions of times greater than astronomical observations could possibly allow! It is known as the problem of the "cosmological constant". This has been troubling theorists ever since the theory was formulated in 1980 and is still not resolved.
Another major difficulty is finding a theory of gravity compatible with quantum theory. Einstein's approach called "general relativity" is a very accurate mathematical description of the way matter behaves on the large cosmic scale. It is still accepted to be the best in existence. Unfortunately, as all physicists freely admit, it just does not match in with quantum theory. Mathematicians have been trying for nearly 80 years to match these two so-called "pillars of twentieth century achievement" and success still evades them.
AN HOLISTIC SOLUTION
In 1984, however, a newcomer called Pearson started looking at these difficulties from a new angle. He realised something was wrong with the logic associated with the "big bang" theory so that a new approach was required. This meant developing an extension and revision of existing mechanics so that a quantum-compatible theory of gravity could also simultaneously emerge. I will summarise his final solution, from the published literature (1 & 2).
He claims it gives mostly the same end equations as general relativity and simultaneously eliminates the difficulty of the cosmological constant. A new interpretation for wave-particle duality emerges naturally from the mathematical logic and then shows how consciousness could exist prior to the creation of matter. It seemed to him that the trouble with Einstein's theory was that the assumptions on which it was based made it incompatible with the existence of any background medium, such as the old aether. The latter was discredited about 1900 and is still regarded as non-existent, yet something like it is needed if quantum theory is to make sense. Therefore the assumptions of relativity needed modification. This is something theorists still will not accept since, in effect, this means the abandonment of relativity theory. Newton's mechanics seemed the only alternative but is restricted to low speeds. Revision therefore seemed necessary to make it exact.
[Pearson] found that the mass of an object needed to be regarded as variable instead of remaining constant as Newton had assumed. A background medium had to exist and had to be more compressed the closer the approach to a massive object: the density of the aether had to be variable. This variable density, coupled with the variable mass, gave the same predictions as general relativity but offered the huge advantage of being fully quantum compatible. Although mostly the same end equations appeared, they had a different meaning and interpretation. For example, as most people know, a clock situated at a low level in a gravitational field runs slow according to Einstein's concept of "gravitational time dilation": time itself is said to run slower at a lower level. For the revised Newtonian time runs at the same rate everywhere.
However, Einstein's famous equation E = mc2 appears more directly from a revision of Newtonian mechanics than from relativity, but now c, the speed of light, reduces at lower levels instead of being the universal constant Einstein postulated. Any object, including a clock, when lowered say, on a cable, will have E, the energy from which it is made, remaining constant. Hence m, the mass of the clock, needs to increase to compensate for the reduction in c. This "gravitational mass increase" reduces the frequency of vibration of the clock mechanism. Exactly the same equation appears as given by general relativity but describes something totally different. The same revised Newtonian then needed to be applied to study the background medium, assumed to operate on similar mechanics but in such a manner as to explain the peculiarities of quantum theory.
In effect this mechanics was being assumed to apply both on large cosmological scales and at a sub-quantum level of reality. The hope was that the peculiarities at the quantum level would emerge as a natural consequence. The problem of the cosmological constant then needed to be addressed. The only way the revised mechanics could provide a solution was by making a further revision. A mirror mechanics had to be added having all masses and energy values considered negative. Then the background medium, he now calls the "i-ther", had to consist of a mixture of particles, some made of positive energy and with the remainder of a negative kind. Then both kinds could be created or destroyed in balance because the changes would cancel out. To understand what this entails it is easiest to think of the energy form known as mechanical work. An object is pushed a given distance and the work done is obtained by multiplying the pushing force by the distance it moves. If the object is free to move it will accelerate, so absorbing the work done and turning it into energy of motion: kinetic energy. (This also adds a "kinetic mass" causing a mass increase according to the revised Newtonian.) If now the energy from which the object is made is considered negative then a backward facing force will cause it to accelerate. So negative mechanical work is converted to negative kinetic energy and there will be an associated increase of negative mass. There is nothing peculiar about such negative mass and energy. We could do all our mechanics on these assumptions and get all the same responses because the negative effects always come in pairs and cancel out.
The really new feature, however, is that now both kinds of energy, considered complementary to one another like the Yin and Yang of Eastern philosophies, are considered to co-exist. They have to form a mixture of fast moving "primaries" in constant collision with one another like the molecules of a gas. Collisions of primaries of the same energies were just like those of billiard balls. For evaluating responses of unlike kinds, however, it was necessary to extend the mechanics by introducing what Pearson calls, "Opposed Energy Dynamics". Just as in ordinary mechanics, it is necessary to consider two conservation laws together: those of energy and momentum. Applied to opposite energies in collision, however, responses turned out to be very different from those between like kinds. An astonishing mathematical discovery emerged. At each collision of opposites, the need to conserve momentum forced each primary to gain energy. They were breeding like opposite sexes! Each of the collision partners gained energy of its own kind in balanced amounts. It meant that pure creation could spontaneously arise from a void of nothingness!
This meant the i-ther could spontaneously appear from nothing and grow at an ever accelerating and extremely rapid rate, both in volume and density. Fortunately at a critical density instability would arise allowing flow patterns on a minute scale to appear. Primaries would be pushed by the pure creation going on behind them so that they flowed in large numbers to common centres from all directions. The conditions for mutual annihilation had appeared! This cancelled nearly all the creation going on so that only a minute net creation could remain. A solution to the cosmological constant had appeared naturally! The i-ther would be committed to a modest ever-accelerating growth and, after matter had appeared, the universe of matter would be carried along so that it too would expand in a similar way.
Pearson announced this prediction at the Mensa conference at Malvern in 1997. Then in 1998 astronomical observations of very distant supernovae, published by Schwartzchild (3), confirmed that indeed the universe was expanding at an accelerating rate: so lending fortuitous support to the theory. Cosmologists on the other hand were taken by surprise and, to explain the effect, have invented the idea of dark energy with strange repulsive powers but leave the problem of the cosmological constant unresolved. The centres of annihilation are most stable as filaments existing in bundles but on larger scales these bundles have random orientation. Switch-like Tee-junctions appear as filaments try to cross each other. Also the cell-like structures of breeding cylinders, with filaments of annihilation at their centres, act like tiny engines producing power. This power can only be expressed in the form of waves of switching action as one switch, in changing state, triggers the next. A fluid component of breeding primaries bathes the filaments and so forms an additional medium for wave propagation. A source for quantum waves seems to have appeared!
In addition the filaments seem to have the potential for evolving a brain-like structure: a background neural net of minute grain size, even as compared to atoms, yet filling the entirety of all space. Hence it was speculated that consciousness evolved at the level of i-ther long before matter appeared. At some point this consciousness developed a creative urge and built an interpenetrating system of universes of matter as a means of providing meaningful habitats for minds. Each mind would be a fragment of the i-theric consciousness, separated from the rest by information filter-barriers, programmed into the i-ther, so that each could only obtain information via sense organs built of matter. By such means each mind would be able to compete and cooperate with other minds in meaningful ways and matter would appear to be the totality of existence. The only tools available for building such matter-systems were the quantum waves. Hence a perfect reason for the strange wave-particle nature of matter seemed to have appeared. To make what we infer to be a sub-atomic particle, waves had to be focused. At any focal point a transient spike of density in the i-ther would be generated to represent that particle and it would behave as such in collision with others built the same way. Then to make say, an electron, such focusing would need to be repeated very rapidly with places chosen by the i-ther using its own kind of computational mathematics. Any "particle" would really be a train of repeated creations joined end to end in time but not in position. The train of positions would be so chosen as to make it appear as if controlled by an electromagnetic force. Similar positioning would make the nuclei of atoms seem controlled by a strong nuclear force.
Hence the forces of nature, seeming so real to us, now appear as abstract mathematical constructs. Matter cannot be as real as it appears: true reality lies in the invisible, in the real energies at the level of i-ther. This model, worked out in detail, provided a new and paradox free interpretation for both wave-particle duality and non-locality. The latter depended on the hyper-fast propagation of information along the filaments. As each quantum wave passed the focal point, to make a sub-atomic particle, it then started to spread out again travelling ultimately to infinite distance. As it went it caused increase in the collision of primaries and so stimulated excess creation. This mechanism was studied in detail and found to provide a satisfactory explanation for the variable density needed to create a satisfactory theory of gravity. The "quantum-wave theory of gravity" had appeared and seems every bit as good in predictive power as general relativity.
The picture that has emerged shows not only that the universe is most likely to be a deliberate creation of the mind: it also gives some detail of the way that creation is likely to have been achieved. It also follows that the mind, or consciousness, is likely to be part of the structure of the i-ther, having the potential to be immortal, and not mere mortal brain function. In this way the new theory supports the main tenets of all religious faiths: that the universe was a deliberate creation and that an immortal soul could exist. There is no threat to physics. Indeed it now seems likely that its problems can only be resolved when these tenets are incorporated.
From a start made to solve a difficulty in the big bang theory, consciousness has been shown to have the potential of being immortal. If the brain is conscious as well, it cannot be the primary consciousness. The latter must still remain after the brain has died.
It is my hope that, since survival can be shown an essential and integral part of physics, that the efforts still being made to discredit all evidence of survival will soon come to an end. This theory has achieved publication in Russian conference proceedings of 1991 and 1993, and in the peer-reviewed scientific journal "Frontier Perspectives" (1) in 1997. Furthermore the theory was supported by Dr Peter Wadhams, Professor of Ocean Physics at Cambridge University, on the Jeff Rense Radio Show (4) in 2001. At least he said that a theory of this kind had to apply. Other details can be found on the website(2).
APPENDIX: WAVE-PARTICLE DUALITY IN MORE DETAIL
Quantum theory is the study of mechanics on small atomic scales where everyday common sense logic seems totally inapplicable. One difficulty is known as "wave-particle duality". Some kind of unknown wave system seems to control the places where minute objects are to be found at any instant. For example, electrons are sub-atomic particles that seem to orbit nuclei to form the atoms of matter. Experiments have been made using electrons stripped from their parent atoms. These electrons have then been projected, one at a time, towards two very small closely spaced holes in a screen. Those which pass through the holes have then been collected, over a long period, to produce a pattern on a screen placed some distance behind the two holes. The pattern produced is always found to be identical with that produced by interfering waves. Dropping two pebbles into a pond together can for example, easily produce such a pattern. The ripples spread out in rings from each point of impact and eventually crossover one another.
This crossover region is an interference pattern. What was so puzzling was that each electron, going one at a time, could only pass through one hole and yet the pattern required at least the governing waves to pass through both simultaneously. Early on de Broglie suggested that some kind of pilot wave must be organising the motion but this idea did not fit all the data and was abandoned. This idea was superseded by the "Copenhagen interpretation". This said that no particles really existed until the instant they were observed. Until then they were represented by complex "wave functions" encoding all possible positions. This interpretation meant that the consciousness of the individual formed a critical part of what we experience as reality. Now across all scientific disciplines an established postulate is that mind and consciousness exist purely and only as brain function: the interaction of its neurons. An obvious paradox then arises: matter could not really exist prior to evolution of the brain!
Some theorists have looked into the idea of time reversal as a solution and others, followed an idea proposed by Everett in 1957. He suggested that electrons carried their wave functions along with them so that, to explain the two-hole experiment, a ghost electron needed to pass simultaneously through the unused hole. It meant a new universe had to be created every time an electron had a choice of two paths. This idea is said to be gaining ground even though almost an infinite number of parallel universes has then to exist. The reader can compare these interpretations with the one arising from the new theory to be called "Survival Physics".
1 Pearson, R. D.: Consciousness as a Sub-Quantum Phenomenon
Frontier Perpectives, Spring/Summer 1997, Vol.6,No.2 pp70-78
2 For further information consult: www.cfpf.org.uk
3 Schwarzchild, B.: Very distant Supernova Suggest that the Cosmic Expansion is Speeding Up: Physics Today, Vol.51(6) pp.17-19
4 Jeff Rense Radio Show: www.rense.com (Date 3 Nov. 2001 in America)
Dr. N. Clarke
25 March 2003
Pearson provides the theory needed to explain not only telepathy, but also the entire spectrum of the so-called 'paranormal' as testable real effects. It also covers non-locality that no physicists have explained.
Publications by Ron Pearson
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CONSCIOUSNESS AS A SUB-QUANTUM PHENOMENON - by Ron Pearson (1997)Published in the journal Frontier Perspectives, Temple University, Philadelphia, USA. Volume 6. No. 2, Spring/Summer 1997 (pp70-78). ISSN: 1062-4767
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